Metabolic syndrome at a glance
Metabolic syndrome is a name for a group of metabolic disorders related to altered levels of fats, glucose, and blood pressure, which are risk factors for health problems such as coronary artery disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.
How can MS be detected?
There are five criteria for diagnosis:
• Waist circumference size (abdominal obesity). For men waist circumference (WC) above 102 cm, and above 88 cm for women (Europe, USA and Canada).
• High levels of blood triglycerides (TG);equal or above 150mg/dL.
• Levels of blood cholesterol: blood levels of HDL-cholesterol (the good cholesterol) lower than 40 mg/dL for men and 50 mg/dL for women;
• Levels of systolic blood pressure (BP) above 130 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure above 85 mmHg
• Level of fasting blood glucose concentration (fasting glycemia - FG) above 100 mg/dL.
Why does MS appear?
Research suggests that the possibility of having metabolic syndrome is closely related to overweight or obesity. The accumulation of fats in the body leads to a metabolic stress (inflammation), and as a consequence the appearance of metabolic disorders such as diabetes (related to high levels of glucose), insulin resistance (when the body lacks the sensing of insulin levels), dyslipidemia (high level of triglycerides and low level of "good" cholesterol) and hypertension.